Specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of physical and cognitive disorders of communication, a speech therapist works closely with those who are unable to make speech sounds or are unable to make them clearly. Communication includes speech, language, and non-verbal communication. Causes of the disorders can range from anxiety to hearing loss, stroke, cerebral palsy, mental disability, or brain injury.
Speech also addresses deficiencies in swallowing and related aero-digestive disorders originating in the oral, laryngeal, and/or pharyngeal states of swallowing.
Treatment strategies range from physical strengthening exercises in repetitive practice and drills to the use of audio-visual aids and education in strategies to facilitate functional communication.